Vision therapy basically refers to a variety of procedures and techniques that are employed by optometrists to improve vision, and treat various eye disorders. It aims at reducing visual discomfort, increasing clarity, and helping in the alleviation of vision-related problems in learning disorders. A typical vision therapy program can last over a period of a few weeks, to several months, depending on the intensity of the disorder being cured.
It consists of exercises, which are carried out under the supervision of a trained professional, and at home reinforcement exercises, which the patient is required to perform regularly, on his own. Apart from teaching the patient various exercises that improve eye function, the experts in this field also employ certain additional visual aids, including learning glasses, balance boards, filters, prisms, patches, and electronic targets.
The therapy includes exercises like near point of convergence exercises, computerized training programs, use of concave lenses, use of convex lenses, anti-suppression exercises, and “Cawthorne Cooksey Exercises”.
Vision therapy can be of three types-
- Orthoptic vision therapy- The main focus of the exercises included in such a program is to improve binocular vision. Professionals who specialize in this technique are known as orthoptists. It has been found to be beneficial in the treatment of symptomatic convergence insufficiency.
- Behavioral/perceptual vision therapy- The aim of the exercises included in such a program is to improve visual perception and processing. Even though its efficiency stands scientifically unproven, some experts claim that it is effective in improving visual perception. This method is gaining popularity among athletes as a way of improving their field of vision beyond normal.
- Myopia related vision therapy- This category of vision therapy aims at preventing or curing myopia, or near-sightedness, which is one of the most common vision disorders among children.
One of the most common applications of vision therapy is in increasing the educational performance of children with learning disabilities, by improving their ocular coordination and visual processing. Vision therapy is usually recommended by school teachers when they notice that the child is exhibiting trouble in reading or writing.
If your child has been referred for vision therapy, be sure to get a proper diagnosis of the eye disorder that your child is suffering from. For more details, contact us at Killeen Eyecare Center. We are located at 416, North Gray Street, Killeen, TX 76541, and Downtown Killeen or call us at 254-634-7805.
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